Risk Factors Contributing to Non-Traumatic Soft Tissue Injuries of hand in rural South Indian Female Population
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Repititive injuries to hand causes musculoskeletal disorders affecting the ligaments, muscles, tendons and joints of the hand. These soft tissue injuries to hand largely affects females engaged in household activities apart from their occupational activities hampering their physical, mental health and adversely affecting the quality of life. Apart from mechanical stresses to muscles and tendons of hand, awkward posture of holding objects causes unwanted stress to joints and soft tissues surrounding the joints of hand and wrist. The objective of the study is to identify various risk factors caused by repetitive household activities and occupational activities in rural south Indian population.
To analyse the risk factors contributing to non-traumatic soft tissue injuries of hand.
A study to identify the risk factors leading to dysfunction of hand.
Study design: Observational study Sampling technique: Convenient sampling. Sample size: 66 Procedure: Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria the samples were collected from Physiotherapy-out patient department at Saveetha medical college and hospital after Orthopaedic reference and informed consent were taken.
NPRS scale was used for evaluation of pain. Self-prepared Hand dysfunction Questionnaire for evaluation of household activities contributing to pain and discomfort of hand.
Data analysis revealed 75.75% of prevalence of hand dysfunction in women population involved in household activities.
Awareness of these findings will highlight the physiotherapists to the high prevalence of hand dysfunction among female population in rural south India, hence requiring early detection of the risk factors contributing to it and effective ergonomic interventions for better functional outcome.
Repetitive hand injuries, females, musculoskeletal disorder, hand dysfunction, NPRS, household activities.