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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 293) Last page : ( 300)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00060.9

Evaluation of Anti-Cancer and Anti-Oxidant Activity of Cissus quandrangularis Extracts in DMBA induced Mammary Carcinomas

Hemalatha C N1, Anbarasu K2, Aanandhi Vijey M1,*

1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University (VISTAS), Chennai, India

2Department of Pharmacology, KMCH College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, India

*Corresponding author Email: hodpchemistry@velsuniv.ac.in

Online published on 29 April, 2017.

Abstract

Cancer is one of the major diseases and challenging to medicinal system to produce potent and the site specific anti-cancer drugs. In this cancer studies up to now most of the synthetic drugs produce undesirable side effects. At the same time from plant source produce potent and safer anti-cancer drugs than compare to synthetic drugs. Cissus quadrangularis is an important medicinal plant belonging to the family Vitaceae. In this study, the qualitative phytochemical studies by using ethanol and chloroform extracts, Toxicological studies by Acute toxicities studies (LD50), Pharmacological Evaluations of Anti-tumor activity and Biochemical parameters are estimated and Anti-Oxidant Assay of C.quadrangularis were evaluated. The secondary metabolites such as phenol, glycosides, tannins and flavonoids were present in the ethanolic extract of C.quadrangularis. The DMBA breast cancer model is a well-known animal carcinogenesis model. CQ extracts possesses anti-tumor property as evidenced by its significant inhibition in the formation of tumor induced by chemical carcinogen (DMBA). From the results, it can be concluded that chloroform & ethanolic extract of CQ restored the biochemical imbalance occurred due to DMBA administration as well as lowered the tumor incidences and burden, the results obtained with the ethanolic extract were promising as compared to that of chloroform extract. Thus it may be useful for the treatment of mammary carcinoma and associated complications such as oxidative damage.

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Keywords

Cissus quadrangularis (CQ), Breast Cancer, 7, 12-dimethylbenz[α]anthracene (DMBA), Anticancer, In-vitro, Phytochemistry.

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