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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 219) Last page : ( 222)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00046.4

Quality of Life in patients experiencing Diabetic Foot Ulcer: A cross sectional study in a Clinical Pharmacist's Perspective

Sajel S1, Saranya P2,*

1Pharm. D Intern, Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University

2Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University

*Corresponding author Email: saro08bpharm@gmail.com

Online published on 29 April, 2017.

Abstract

The objective of the study was to compare the quality of life (QOL) in men and women with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) using RAND-36 Questionnaire and also to improve their quality of life by structured patient education. The study was designed to be a cross sectional study in which 82 men and 78 women with diabetic foot ulcer were enrolled. Socio-demographic variables were documented and assessed using RAND SF-36 a questionnaire for all subjects. RAND SF-36 scale scores were compared using statistical descriptive and analytical method. QOL was found to be worse in women when compared to men. Out of 160 study participants, 51% were male and 48% were female with a mean (±SD) age of 45 (±3) and 43 (± 7.3) respectively. The QOL score analysis demonstrated that the physical health was subsequently limited due to physical activity (p<0.0001) and pain (p<0.0001) with a significant difference between men and women. However, analyzing the social functioning scores of the subjects showed a non-significant relationship of p value (0.7133) and general health (p=0. 3427). Although on further evaluation, the scores of emotional well being and energy scores of the patient showed a significant difference with a p value of <0.0001 and 0.0004 respectively. The correlation between the age and physical function exhibited a significant difference between the genders (p<0.0001). Female patients with DFU had a lower score for quality of life when all the 8 domains in RAND SF-36 questionnaire were assessed. Adapting patient educational programs and appropriate life style modifications can improve the quality of life in these patients.

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Keywords

Quality of life, diabetes, Foot ulcer, patient counseling.

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