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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 11) Last page : ( 14)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00003.8

A prospective study on incidence of Anaemia in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Mounika Vaddi, Sarumathy S.*, Ebens J. Anisha, Shanmugarajan T. S.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University (VISTAS), Pallavaram, Chennai-600117, Tamilnadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: saruprabakar@gmail.com

Online published on 29 April, 2017.

Abstract

Aim and objective

This study is to determine the incidence of anaemia in type II diabetes mellitus patients. The study was carried out to determine the incidence of anaemia in type II diabetes mellitus patients, to identify the risk factors leading to anaemia associated with type II DM, to assess the Hb, Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) and Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1C) levels in diabetes mellitus patients.

Methods

This prospective study was carried out in the general medicine and surgery department of a tertiary care hospital for a period of 6 months. The case reports of 112 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were collected. All statistical analysis was carried out using Graph pad Prism 6.0.

Results

Anaemia with higher Hb level is observed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However statistical significant difference was only in Hb levels, Hba1c, FBG, Post-Prandial blood sugar (PPBS) was observed in anaemia with type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (P<0.001).

Conclusion

A high incidence of anaemia was observed in diabetics without renal insufficiency. Our data also suggested that poor glycemic control and old age are associated with the incidence of anaemia in diabetic patients with normal renal function. Correction of anaemia may have a significant role in prevention of other diabetic complications, thus we recommend that treatment criteria for diabetes should include routine haematological tests and take into consideration the inevitable consequences of aging, and poor glycemic control, in order to make optimal therapeutic decisions for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in adults.

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Keywords

Anaemia, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, risk factors, comorbid conditions.

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