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Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics
Year : 2017, Volume : 9, Issue : 2
First page : ( 81) Last page : ( 37)
Print ISSN : 0975-4407. Online ISSN : 2321-5836.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5836.2017.00014.3

Evaluation of antidiabetic and antioxidant activity of n-cinnamoyl metformin analogues

Damayanthi D.1,*, Prasad K.V.S.R.G.2

1Department of Pharmacology, Pulla Reddy Institute of Pharmacy., Hyderabad., Andhra Pradesh, India.

2Department of Pharmacology, Sri Padmavathi Mahila University, Tirupathi.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: damayanthidalu3@gmail.com

Online published on 22 September, 2017.

Abstract

Purpose. In order to find highly active antidiabetic compounds, 8 new N-Cinnamoyl metformin analogues were synthesized. Dose selection was made on the basis of acute oral toxicity study (5 mg/kg b. wt to 2000 mg/kg b. wt) as per OECD-423 guidelines. Anti hyperglycemic activity of these 8 analogues was preliminarily evaluated by oral glucose tolerance test. Among them 2 analogues were found to be highly active. Highly active compounds were further evaluated employing alloxan model (150 mg/kg, i.p), administering drugs orally (100 mg/kg) for 7 days. On the days of 1, 3, 5 and 7 the parameters like serum glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, High density Lipoproteins, Low density Lipoproteins, Very Low density Lipoproteins, Aspartate amino transferase and Alanine transaminase were determined. Results. The 2 analogues have shown significant glucose lowering activity. Compounds were also found to possess significant potent activity in reducing parameters like serum triglycerides, cholesterol, High density Lipoproteins, Low density Lipoproteins, Very Low density Lipoproteins, Aspartate amino transferase and Alanine Transaminase levels. These compounds were also evaluated for in vivo antioxidant properties like catalase, lipid peroxidase and reduced glutathione. Compounds displayed significant in vivo free radical scavenging activity. Conclusion. The results revealed that metformin analogues effectively lowered blood glucose, serum lipid levels and decreased oxidative stress. On the basis of our above findings, it is hoped that the study will aid in the development of new treatment for diabetes.

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Keywords

N-Cinnamoyl metformin analogues, Oxidative stress, Alloxan, Oral glucose tolerance test, Antihyperglycemic.

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