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Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics
Year : 2015, Volume : 7, Issue : 4
First page : ( 165) Last page : ( 170)
Print ISSN : 0975-4407. Online ISSN : 2321-5836.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5836.2015.00033.6

Glossary of Callistemon lanceolatus D.C.-An ornamental plant with Marvellous Properties

Maria Shilpa*, Kuppast I.J., Virupaksha J.H., Vanajakshi M., Prasad K.

Department of Pharmacology, National College of Pharmacy, Balraj Urs Road, Shivamogga, (Dist)-577201, Karnataka

*Corresponding Author E-mail: jaanamshilpa30@gmail.com

Online published on 8 December, 2015.

Abstract

Most of the drugs used in primitive medicine were obtained from plants and are the earliest and principal natural source of medicines. Plants are a reservoir of potentially useful chemical compounds which serve as drugs and provide newer leads and clues for modern design by synthesis. Callistemon lanceolatus DC belongs to the family Myrtaceae commonly known as bottle brush, is frequently cultivated throughout India in gardens as ornamental plant. Humming birds love the flowers, and the plant. Callistemon species had a role as traditional bush medicine. The genus is known in folk medicine for its anti-cough, anti-bronchitis, and insecticidal effects and its volatile oils have been used as anti-microbial and anti-fungal agents, anti-phylococcal, nematicidal, larvicidal, pupicidal agent. The phytoconstituents present in this plant are flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids, monoterpenoids, triterpenoids, phloroglucinol derivatives, carbohydrates, proteins and essential oils. So this review article is a collective source of the various information regarding Callistemon lanceolatus published in various journals and books.

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Keywords

Callistemon lanceolatus Myrtaceae Bottle brush Anti-fungal Flavonoids Essential Oils.

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