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Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics
Year : 2020, Volume : 12, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 4)
Print ISSN : 0975-4407. Online ISSN : 2321-5836.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5836.2020.00001.4

Thyroid Disorder: An Overview

Anandkumar S.*, Chacko Jessly, K Theertha C., Usha M.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Swamy Vivekanandha College of Pharmacy, Tiruchengode, Tamilnadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sakumar0307@gmail.com

Abstract

The focus of this review article is on thyroid disorders which can be hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, along with the treatment options. Thyroid disorder is a medical condition which affects the function of the thyroid gland. A thyroid disorder is one of the most common endocrine diseases across the world and affects an estimated 42 million people in India. Thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine gland in the body which plays a major role in the metabolism, growth and development of the human body. It also helps to regulate many body functions by constantly releasing a steady a mount of thyroid hormones into the bloodstream. The persistence increasing or decreasing abnormalities in these hormone levels may cause various complications. Imbalance of thyroid hormones can leads to either hypo or hyperthyroidism. The major complication of hyperthyroidism are Graves’ disease, toxic multinodular goiter, and toxic adenoma. The diagnosis is based on abnormal values of TSH, T4, T3 and Free T4 tests. Thyroid hormones play an important role in stimulating erythripoiesis and increase erythrocyte 2, 3-diphosphoglycerate concentrations. One of the major complications of thyroid dysfunction is anemia. Based on the thyroid disease the treatment may vary. Management of thyroid disorders includes levothyroxine, Thyroid hormone replacement and thyrectomy.

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Keywords

Thyroid Disorder, Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid hormone, Thyroxine.

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