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Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics
Year : 2019, Volume : 11, Issue : 3
First page : ( 120) Last page : ( 123)
Print ISSN : 0975-4407. Online ISSN : 2321-5836.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5836.2019.00021.1

Nutritional Deficiencies after Bariatric Surgery

Menon Aathira1, Apthadevi1, Roshni P R2,*

1Student, Pharm D, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Amrita School of Pharmacy, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, 682041, Kerala, India

2Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Amrita School of Pharmacy, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, 682041, Kerala, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: roshnipr@aims.amrita.edu

Online published on 31 December, 2019.

Abstract

Obesity is a common and preventable disease of public health importance. Obesity is connected with many co-morbid conditions which comprises of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, pulmonary dysfunction, arthritis, obstructive sleep apnea, steatohepatitis and certain types of cancer. The rise in prevalence of obesity plays a large burden on health care system and costs. Diet and exercise are the lifestyle modifications to treat obesity. Surgery is the final resort for obesity. Bariatric surgery, is a treatment option for severely obese patients and they are at risk for numerous vitamin and mineral deficiencies in the postoperative period due to change in eating habits and malabsorption. This review mainly focuses on nutritional deficiencies after bariatric surgery in adult and adolescent population and also summarizes current recommendations for screening and supplementation.

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Keywords

bariatric surgery, nutritional deficiency, obesity, malabsorption, adolescent population.

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