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Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacodynamics
Year : 2018, Volume : 10, Issue : 3
First page : ( 125) Last page : ( 133)
Print ISSN : 0975-4407. Online ISSN : 2321-5836.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5836.2018.00024.1

An Ethnopharmacological Review: On Commonly used Anti-Oxidant Plants with Anti-Hypertensive

Prasad Jhakeshwar1,*, Rao S. Prakash2, Netam Ashish Kumar2, Satapathy Trilochan2

1Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Columbia Institute of Pharmacy, Tekari, Raipur (CG) Pin-493111

2Department of Pharmacology, Columbia Institute of Pharmacy, Tekari, Raipur (CG) Pin-493111

*Corresponding Author E-mail: Spr_pharma@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 24 October, 2018.

Abstract

Hypertension is a chronic disorder characterized by a persistently elevated blood pressure exceeding 140/90 mmHg or greater. Many antihypertensive agents are used for treatment of hypertension like Thiazide, loop, and potassium-sparing diuretics, calcium channel blockers, Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, Central α 2-adrenergic agonists, β-adrenergic and α 1/β-adrenergic antagonists, Peripheral α 1-adrenergic antagonists, and Direct-acting vasodilators etc. But these drugs have some side effect s like diuretics may cause muscle cramps, dizziness, extreme tiredness, dehydration, blurred vision, abnormal heart rate, skin rash, and others. The ACE inhibitors are caused by cough, skin rash, vomiting, kidney failure, fever, sore throat, diarrhea, and others. And use of calcium channel blockers are caused by fatigue, headache, diarrhea, constipation, edema, and others side effects. The use of medicinal plants for treatment of hypertension is very common because these remedies are easily available and low cost than novel pharmaceuticals. Herbs do not cause side effects like weakness, tiredness, drowsiness, impotence, cold hands and feet, depression, insomnia, abnormal heartbeats, skin rash, dry mouth, dry cough, stuffy nose, headache, dizziness, swelling around eyes, constipation or diarrhea, fever etc. Hence the present article focuses on different medicinal plants worldwide used for hypertension rather than on medications. The present article emphasizes on causes for hypertension, its signs, symptoms, preventive measures as well as its safer options of treatments.

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Keywords

Hypertension, Antihypertensive agent, Medicinal plants and their Pharmacological activity.

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