Artocarpus Heterophyllus: Review Study on Potential Activities
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Jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus) is one of the most significanttrees in tropical home gardens and perhaps the most widespread and useful tree in the important genus Artocarpus. The aim of the present review is to present comprehensive information of the chemical constituents, biological and pharmacological research on Artocarpus Heterophyllus which will be presented and critically evaluated. Traditionally, this plant is used in the treatment of various diseases especially for treatment against inflammation, malarialfever, diarrhoea, diabetes and tapeworm infection. The plant contain various constituents such as,the major Protein Jacalin, and flavonoids, stilbenoids,colouring matters, Morin, Dihydromorin, Cynomacurin, Artocarpin, Isoartocarpin, Carotens, Some Essential Amino Acids. The extracts and metabolites of Artocarpus particularly those from leaves, bark, stem and fruit possess several useful bioactive compoundsand are used in the various biologicalactivities including antibacterial, antitubercular, antiviral, antifungal, antiplatelet, antiarthritic, tyrosinase inhibitory and cytotoxicity. The purpose of this review is to reveal the possible effect of this plant in the development of therapeutically active drugs.
Artocarpusheterophyllus, Antidiabetic, Jacalin, Antibacterial.