A Review: Coix lacryma jobi L.
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The roots and seeds of Coix lacryma-jobi L. are utilized for Medicinal, Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic Preparations and Dietary Supplements. There are two main varieties of the species, one wild and one cultivated. The wild variety of Coix lacryma-jobi var. lacryma-jobi has hard-shelled, pearly white, oval structures used as beads for making rosaries, necklaces and other objects. The cultivated variety Coix lacryma-jobi var. ma-yuen is harvested as a cereal crop, has a soft shell, and is used medicinally in parts of Asia. World-wide, this plant is best known for those pods (pericarps), which have a hole naturally occurring at each end, making them a useful source of beads for stringing. Seeds stringing is known "VAIJANTI MALA". The seeds (caryopses) of Coix lacryma-jobi L. are used as a source of food. Coix is the common name for the Chinese medicinal material Coix lacryma-jobi L. seed (Health Benefits of Job's tears). Seed of Coix lacryma-jobi L.contains 50–79% Starch, 16–19% Proteins, 2–7% Fixed Oil, Lipids (5.67%Glycolipid, 1.83% Phospholipid, Sterols), Fatty acids (Palmitic acid (PubChem CID: 985), Steric acid(PubChemCID: 5281), Oleic acid (PubChem CID: 445639), and Linoleic acid (PubChem CID: 5280450).This plant possess many traditional uses such as decrees blood cholesterol level, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, hypolipidemic, anti-cancerand mensuration disorder in women etc. Coix lacrymajobi L. plant has significant medicinal value in human. This review helps to evaluate and establish the various medicinal use of plant in various diseases.
Coix lacryma-jobi, Poaceae, Phytonutrients, Starch, Lipid, Protein, Fixed oil.