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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2017, Volume : 9, Issue : 4
First page : ( 241) Last page : ( 247)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2017.00045.0

Investigation on the Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity of Custard Apple (Annona reticulata) Peel Extracts

Dr. Lydia D. Esther1, Dr. John Sheila2, Swetha V K3, Mrs. Sivapriya Thiyagarajan4,*

1Assistant Professor, Loyola College, Chennai

2Associate Professor, Womens Christian College, Chennai

3Student, Loyola College, Chennai

4Assistant Professor, SDNB Vaishnav College for women, Chennai

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sivaamanick@gmail.com

Online published on 26 March, 2018.



Custard apple or sugar apple can be called as a delicacy of dry region due to its very sweet delicate flesh. The peel of custard apple contains tannins, acetogenin and alkaloids which is beneficial in the treatment of several types of cancer and tumors.

Methodology/Principal Findings

The present study was taken up to investigate the phytochemical composition, antimicrobial potential, antioxidant activity of the fruit peel wastes of custard apple. The phytochemical screening of the fruit peel revealed the presence of Carbohydrates, Saponins, Phenols and Terpenoids. The antioxidant property of the peel extract was evaluated using DPPH free radical scavenging and FRAP assay. The antimicrobial test results showed that the raw fruit peel extract had a great potential antimicrobial activity against all the bacteria and fungal species selected for testing.


The results presented here may suggest that the raw fruit peel extracts possesses antioxidant and antimicrobial properties, and is therefore a potential source of ingredients for the food and pharmaceutical industry.



Annona reticulata, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant.


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