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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2017, Volume : 9, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 7)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2017.00001.2

Pharmacognostic, physicochemical standardization and phytochemicalanalysis of leaves of Hydrolea zeylanica Vahl. (Hydrophyllaceae)

Mohammad Qureshi Shamim1,*, Reddy A. Venkateshwar2, Kumar G.S.3, Nousheen Lubna2

1R & D cell, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kukatpally, Hyderabad-50035, Telangana, India

2Anwarul Uloom College of Pharmacy, New Mallepally, Hyderabad-500001, Telangana, India

3School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, Bukit Jallil, Kuala Lumpur-57000, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sports78@gmail.com

Online published on 26 April, 2017.

Abstract

The most important aspect of Pharmacognosy is to evaluate the quality and purity of crude drugs by means of various parameters. For the quality and purity of medicinal plants, pharmacognostic, physicochemical and preliminary phytochemical studies of the leaves of Hydrolea zeylanica Vahl, family Hydrophyllaceae. were carried out. The macroscopic and microscopic assessment revealed characters that are of diagnostic value and useful in authentication of the plant. The Physicochemical analyses reveals values for moisture content, water soluble extractive, alcohol soluble extractive and total ash which are within the World Health Organisation (WHO) standards for crude drug from medicinal plants. Phytochemical studies for secondary metabolites revealed the presence of Glycosides, volatile oils, tannins, carbohydrate, sterols, flavonoids and alkaloids are present in the extracts Information obtained from these studies can be used as markers in the standardization and identification of this plant as a herbal remedy and also towards monograph development on the plant.

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Keywords

Standardization, Pharmacognostic, Organoleptic, Microscopy, Physico-Chemical.

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