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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2015, Volume : 7, Issue : 4
First page : ( 214) Last page : ( 218)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2015.00032.1

Quantum Chemical Studies of Anti-Prostatic Carcinoma Drug N-[4-cyano3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-[(4methylphenyl)sulfonyl] Propanamide (bicalutamide)

Otuokere I.E., Amaku F J

Department of Chemistry, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria

Corresponding Author E-mail:

Online published on 8 December, 2015.

Abstract

N-[4-cyano-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-[(4-methylphenyl)sulfonyl]propanamide (bicalutamide) is an oral medication that is used for treating cancer of the prostate. It belongs to a class of drugs called anti-androgens. Quantum chemical studies of bicalutamide were based on Arguslab software. The steric energy was evaluated in terms of potential energy as a sum of energies associated with bonded interactions (bond length, bond angle and dihedral angle) as well as non-bonded interactions (van der Waals and electrostatic). Surfaces were created to visualize excited state properties such as highest occupied molecular orbital's, lowest unoccupied molecular orbital's and electrostatic potential (ESP) mapped density. The steric energy for bicalutamide was calculated to be 0.963933 a.u. (604.877867 kcal/mol). The most energetically favourable conformation of bicalutamide was found to have a heat of formation of 7696.375900 kcal/mol. The self-consistent field (SCF) energy was calculated by geometry convergence function using RHF/PM3 method in ArgusLab software. The most feasible position for bicalutamide to block androgen receptors on the cells of tissues was found to be-189.888176 au (−119156.737100 Kcal/mole).

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Keywords

Arguslab software, bicalutamide, steric energy, receptors, surfaces.

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