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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2020, Volume : 12, Issue : 1
First page : ( 7) Last page : ( 13)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2020.00002.3

Impacts of Displacement on Socio-economic status of Local Community in the Western Ethiopia: Empirical Evidence from Survey Data

Fufa Gemechu Bekana*

Assistant Professor of Statistics, Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author E-mail: gemechu.bekana@yahoo.com

Abstract

This study was undertaken to assess the socio-economic impact of displacement on the livelihoods of the households, in western Ethiopia. The major objective of this study is to assess the socio-economic impact of displacement on socio-economic status of local community in terms of education, housing condition, living standard, health condition and ability to finance. Random samples of 400 local communities were selected using multistage random sampling from the study area. Comparisons were made between displaced and displacers using the hypothesis testing. This study defines displaced community as those who were not live in the normal residence and displacers’ community those who were forced and fled the displaced people from their normal residence. To assess the impact of displacement on the educational status of the family, the ratio of children in schools to the total number of school aged children in the family, expressed as percentage. The ability of the household to feed the family was also seen in terms of the frequency of feeding the children and the adult. It was found that non-displaced community are better off than the displaced in terms of sending children to school, housing conditions, health condition, probability of survival for future life and ability to finance. The mean difference of family members attending the school, in both displacers and displaced was not high, shows that the displaced and displacers were affected as opposed to the general opinion that the displaced people were highly affected. After all analysis, it can be concluded that displacement of local community has high impacts on the socioeconomic status of the households. The results also reveal that the displaced communities were highly affected by communicable and non-communicable diseases. Finally, the results were recommended as the government, heath institution and non-displaced community should support the displaced community and try to stop or reduce the displacement for further.

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Keywords

Displacement, Community, Socioeconomic, Education, Western Ethiopia.

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