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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2019, Volume : 11, Issue : 3
First page : ( 150) Last page : ( 154)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2019.00025.6

Hummingbird tree-Biological review

Dr. Raja R. Ramasubramania1,*, Dr. Baba K. Haranadha2

1Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacognosy, Narayana Pharmacy College, Nellore

2Principal, Narayana Pharmacy College, Nellore, A.P.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: rsmr_raj@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 31 December, 2019.

Abstract

Sesbania grandiflora is commonly called as vegetable humming bird, hummingbird tree, it is small tree in the genus of sesbania. Sesbania grandiflora is a fast-growing perennial, deciduous or evergreen legume tree, up to 10–15 m high. Its lifespan is about 20 years. Its roots are heavily nodulated and some floating roots may develop in waterlogged conditions. The trunk is straight with few branches. The leaves, up to 30 cm long, are pinnately compound with 20–50 oblong leaflets, 1–4 cm long and 0.5–1.5 cm broad. The flowers are white, yellowish, pink or red and brown in axillary racemes. The pods are 50–60 cm long, glabrous and indehiscent, and hang vertically. They contain 15 to 50 dark brown seeds, 5 mm long and 2.5–3 mm broad. Here focus of the plant of sesbania grandiflora medicinal potency, phytochemistry and pharmacological activity.

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Keywords

Sesbania grandiflora, perennial, branches, medicinal potency, phytochmistry.

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