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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2019, Volume : 11, Issue : 3
First page : ( 109) Last page : ( 113)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2019.00019.0

A Review on Dietary Fiber and its Application

Debnath Subhashis*, Jawahar S., Muntaj H., Purushotham V., Sharmila G., Sireesha K., Babu M. Niranjan

Department of Pharmaceutics, Seven Hills College of Pharmacy, Tirupati, A.P, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: principal.cq@jntua.ac.in

Online published on 31 December, 2019.

Abstract

Dietary fiber is that part of plant material in the diet which is resistant to enzymatic digestion which includes cellulose, non cellulosic polysaccharides such as hemi cellulose, pectin substances, gums, mucilageous and a non-carbohydrate component lignin. The diets rich in fiber such as cereals, nuts, fruits and vegetables have a positive effect on health since their consumption has been related to decreased incidence of several diseases. Consumption of dietary fiber rich food has shown many health benefits against a range of disorders including obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and colon cancer. Food scientists and technologists then explored the applications of DF (dietary fiber) in a variety of food products through examination and utilization of fibers from various conventional and uncommon sources including agro-food processing by products. The consumption of dietary fiber may affect the absorption of nutrients in different ways. The physicochemical factors of dietary fiber, such as fermentation, bulking ability, binding ability, viscosity and gel formation, water-holding capacity and solubility affect nutrient absorption. The dietary fiber intake influences the different methods in which nutrients are absorbed. The increase in the total fiber content of the diet may delay the glycemic response. Soluble fiber decreased blood glucose content whereas purified insoluble fiber has a little or no effect on the blood glucose levels after a meal.

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Keywords

Dietary fiber, cellulose, soluble fiber, insoluble fiber.

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