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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2019, Volume : 11, Issue : 2
First page : ( 54) Last page : ( 64)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2019.00011.6

Phenotypic Variability and Evaluation of Yam (Dioscorea spp.) Landraces from Southwest Ethiopia by Multivariate Analysis

Mulualem Tewodros1,2, Mekbib Firew2, Hussein Shimelis3, Gebre Endale4

1Jimma Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 192, Jimma, Ethiopia

2Haramaya University, School of Plant Sciences, P.O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

3African Centre for Crop Improvement, School of Agriculture, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Kwa Zulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

4Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, P.O. Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Online published on 15 May, 2019.


Yams (Dioscorea spp.) are food security and socioeconomic importance crop in different areas of the world. Although it is cultivated and consumed in sub-Saharan Africa, still neglected by scientific research and development program in many countries including in Ethiopia. To fill in the knowledge gaps, the present study conducted at Jimma Agricultural Research Center during 2015. The objectives of the study were to characterize and assess the level of diversity within farmers and reference collection of yam landraces collected from major growing areas of Southwest Ethiopia. Thirty-six landraces of yam tested by using 6 x 6 simple lattice design with two replications. Data on 32 qualitative morphological traits collected and subjected to multivariate analyses. Cluster analysis based on qualitative characters revealed seven distinct clusters with varying sizes and presence of variability, based on their foliar and subterranean traits which will be highly useful in the genetic improvement. The result of the Shannon-Weaver diversity index (H`) indicated, the existence of a high level of diversity among Dioscorea spp. landraces based on the frequency distribution of phenotypic traits that considered. The results of PCA indicated that characters that have a good contribution to the variability. The first seven principal components explained 88.4% of the total variation, while PC-I and PC-II accounted 55.30% of the total variability. Thus, this utmost phenotypic variability between landraces is vital for hybridization and to produce potential and meaningful hybrids and desirable segregants of yams in Ethiopia.



Cluster, food security, hybridization, PCA.


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