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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2018, Volume : 10, Issue : 4
First page : ( 285) Last page : ( 290)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00046.8

Pharmacognostic and Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Sesbania grandiflora root

Prashanth H V Keerthi1, Nandeesh R1,*, Kaveri H V2, Vidyashree M2, Manjunatha E1, Veerapur Veeresh P1, Desai Pramod P2, Vijayakumar S1

1Sree Siddaganga College of Pharmacy, Tumkur, Karnataka, India

2Department of Botany, Tumkur University, Tumkur, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: rnandeesh2005@gmail.com

Online published on 27 December, 2018.

Abstract

Sesbania grandiflora belongs to Family: Fabaceae is extensively distributed in Karnataka, West Bengal, Assam and North-Eastern parts of India. Sesbania grandiflora has the common names of Agati, Corkwood Tree and West Indian Pea. Sesbania grandiflora is used as Anticancer, Antioxidant, Cardioprotective, Antiulcer, Hepatoprotective Anti-inflammatory etc. The present study intended with various phytochemical screening and pharmacognostic studies on Sesbania grandiflora. Extraction withsoxhelt extraction apparatus and macromicroscopical parameters are carried out. The anatomical characteristics were observed and photographed by taking various sections of root. Preliminary phytochemical evaluation of the aqueous extracts revealed that presence of carbohydrate, proteins, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and glycosides. Pharmacognostic investigations like Ash value, Fluorescence analysis, Thin layer chromatography of the root extract performed in the present study to exhibit quick identification of the drug and are particularly useful in the case of powdered forms and also contribute towards establishing Pharmacopoeial standards for the specified plant.

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Keywords

Sesbania grandiflora, Anticancer, Antioxidant, Cardioprotective, Antiulcer, Hepatoprotective, Ash value.

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