Pharmacognostic and Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Sesbania grandiflora root
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Sesbania grandiflora belongs to Family: Fabaceae is extensively distributed in Karnataka, West Bengal, Assam and North-Eastern parts of India. Sesbania grandiflora has the common names of Agati, Corkwood Tree and West Indian Pea. Sesbania grandiflora is used as Anticancer, Antioxidant, Cardioprotective, Antiulcer, Hepatoprotective Anti-inflammatory etc. The present study intended with various phytochemical screening and pharmacognostic studies on Sesbania grandiflora. Extraction withsoxhelt extraction apparatus and macromicroscopical parameters are carried out. The anatomical characteristics were observed and photographed by taking various sections of root. Preliminary phytochemical evaluation of the aqueous extracts revealed that presence of carbohydrate, proteins, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and glycosides. Pharmacognostic investigations like Ash value, Fluorescence analysis, Thin layer chromatography of the root extract performed in the present study to exhibit quick identification of the drug and are particularly useful in the case of powdered forms and also contribute towards establishing Pharmacopoeial standards for the specified plant.
Sesbania grandiflora, Anticancer, Antioxidant, Cardioprotective, Antiulcer, Hepatoprotective, Ash value.