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Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Year : 2018, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 81) Last page : ( 90)
Print ISSN : 0975-2331. Online ISSN : 0975-4385.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00014.6

Ethnopharmacological, Phytochemical and Pharmacological review of Plant Cissus quadrangularis L.

Tiwari Mamta1,*, Gupta Pushpraj S.2,**, Sharma Nisha3,***

1Research Scholar, Christian School of Pharmacy, SHIATS, Allahabad

2Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Christian School of Pharmacy, SHIATS, Allahabad

3Associate Professor cum Head, University Institute of Pharmacy, C.S.J.M.U., Kanpur

*Corresponding Author E-mail: mamta1712@gmail.com

**pharmac1857@gmail.com

***nisha71sharma@yahoo.com

Online published on 24 May, 2018.

Abstract

Since time immemorial plants have been used to treat various diseases and other pathological conditions. More than 1500 plants have been studied in a period of last 5 years. In current scenario, scientists are involved in isolating active phytochemicals to treat different incurable as well as curable disorders with least side effects. The herbal products have become more popular in the treatment of many diseases due to strong belief and trust of people that plant medicines are safe, easily available with less or no side effects. Cissus quadrangularis L. (vitaceae) is an indigenous plant of India. A review on phytochemical studies done reveals the presence of many important phytoconstituents like alkaloids, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, tannins, saponins etc. These phytoconsituents are responsible for its various pharmacological activities. Orally, C. quadrangularis is used for obesity and weight loss, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and hyperlipidemia. It has also been used for bone fractures, osteoporosis, scurvy, cancer, dyspepsia, hemorrhoids, peptic ulcer disease (PUD), dysmenorrhea, asthma, malaria, and pain. C. quadrangularis is also used in body building supplements as an alternative to anabolic steroids. The plant has varied therapeutic activities have made the plant as valuable herb.

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Keywords

Cissus quadrangularis, phytochemical constituents, hadjod, pharmacological properties.

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