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Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms and Technology
Year : 2020, Volume : 12, Issue : 3
First page : ( 162) Last page : ( 168)
Print ISSN : 0975-234X. Online ISSN : 0975-4377.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-4377.2020.00028.2

Intrauterine Devices: A Review

Sahoo Chinmaya Keshari1,*, Mishra Amiyakanta1, Ramana D. Venkata2, Bhaskar Jimidi3

1Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences (Affiliated to BPUT), Bidyaniketan, Marine Drive Road, Baliguali, Puri, Odisha

2Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Samskruti College of Pharmacy, Kondapur, Ghatkesar, Medchal, Telangana, India

3Department of Pharmaceutics, KLR Pharmacy College, Paloncha Bhadradri, Kothagudem, Telangana

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sahoo.chinmaya83@gmail.com

Online published on 10 August, 2020.

Abstract

An intra-uterine device is a special device that fits inside of the uterus. Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is the most commonly used method of contraception in many countries. The IUDs are a long-acting reversible method of contraception. Despite the availability of many generations of IUDs with variable shapes and configurations, side effects and complications are frequent. Evidence-based practices have increased the number of women who are medically eligible for IUDs and have enabled more rapid access to the methods. Currently hormonal IUDs are available in the market. Each IUD is extremely effective, convenient, and safe. The newer IUDs have been tested in populations not usually included in clinical trials and provide reassuring answers to older concerns about IUD use in these women, including information about expulsion, infection, and discontinuation. On the other hand, larger surveillance studies have provided new estimates about the risks of complications such as perforation, especially in postpartum and breastfeeding women.

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Keywords

Intrauterine contraceptive device, contraception, infection.

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