Economic and Occupational Profile of the Rural Disabled Women: A Study of Raichur District of Karnataka
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Money or wealth is an inevitable commodity for a satisfied living. Employment produces wealth. As livelihood sustains the inflow of wealth; and this wealth in turn satisfies the material needs and enhances a feeling of security and self-worth, it is ideally best for an individual to be employed. Studies show that the disabled are the poorest of the poor as they are denied opportunities of almost all the basic requirements of life such as education, employment, social interactions, companionship, family life, health, etc. Being a woman along with a disability and living in a rural scenario further devastates life. This paper provides an overview of the life of disabled women living in rural areas in context of their livelihood, through quantitative analysis on 250 rural women with locomotor disability, selected systematically using the multi-stage random sampling method. It was found that most of the locomotor disabled rural women (LDRW) contributed to the household economy through indirect means such as looking after the household chores. About a quarter of them don't contribute either through direct or indirect means. Problems of unemployment, underemployment, low income, no training, lack of opportunities and societal prejudices persisted. An association between level of education and magnitude of disability was found with employment, and level of education and income were found to be statistically significant and positively correlated. The study suggests that training, education, opportunities and positive societal attitudes can lead to a better livelihood which in turn could enhance the quality of life of the disabled rural women.
Disability, Women, Rural, Livelihood, Burden, Economy.