Personality Type and Perception of Parenting Styles among Emerging Adults
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The initial years of an individual's life are seen as the most crucial years for personality development. Right from childhood, different environments play a role in forming personality. Research conducted on adolescents states that personality is predominantly formed by this age. Parenting is a significant factor in personality formation.
To study and compare perceived parenting style amongst emerging adults with respect to two personality types: extroversion-introversion and neuroticism-emotional stability. Gender and age wise comparisons were also studied.
Participants included 278 emerging adults (141 males, 137 females), aged between 18–25 years, selected from across the country. Perception of Parents’ Scale and Eysenck's Personality Inventory were administered on the sample.
Study utilized independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA to analyse the data. It was found that the perception of parenting style was not influenced by personality traits of emerging adults other than Mother Warmth which differed significantly in emotionally stable and neurotic group with higher perception from the emotionally stable group. Further, it was found that females have greater positive perception of parenting than males. Lastly, emerging adults between ages 18–20 were found to perceive greater autonomy support and participants between ages 23–25 were found to perceive least autonomy support.
Study implied that personality traits and perception towards parents are formed in adolescence itself and hence parents and teachers should train adolescents consciously, so, develop positive personality traits. Study also implied the need for educating public about different types of parenting style and how positive and negative parenting can affect lives of all individuals.
Parenting styles, Personality, Emerging adults, Age, Gender, Nature v/s Nurture.