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Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 2
First page : ( 407) Last page : ( 414)
Print ISSN : 0975-6795. Online ISSN : 2321-5828.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5828.2018.00070.0

Impact of urbanization on land use changes in Agartala City, India

Santra Abhijit1,*, Mitra Saptarshi2, Debbarma Debasish1

1Research Scholar, Department of Geography and Disaster Management, Tripura University, 799022

2Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Disaster Management, Tripura University, 799022

*Corresponding Author Email: abhijit.geo@gmail.com

Online published on 21 August, 2018.

Abstract

Urbanization indicates the growth and development of the human civilization in terms of economy, culture and bettern infrastructure. It creates opportunities as well as challenges for better livelihood or and better lifestyle to the urban dwellers. Agartala, Capital city of the state of Tripura is located on the bank of River Haora one of the most developing urban centres of North-Eastern states, India. The urbanization process of Agartala City has been controlled and shaped by physiographic condition as well as socio-economic factors. Close proximity to the Indo-Bangla International Border on the western side checked the direction of growth of the city. Agartala has experienced rapid population growth due to migration in the 1949’s (partition of Bengal) and 1970’s Bangladesh War (Bangladesh Liberation war) which led to imbalance in man-land ratio in Agartala city. Since last few decades, the urban area of Agartala Municipal Corporation has repeatedly increased from 16 sq. km to 76 sq. km expanding towards north south direction. With passage of time the marshy land, forest cover have been converted into residential and commercial build-ups under the influence of rapid urbanization. The present study focuses on the nature and pattern of urban expansion of Agartala city including the factors responsible for indicing the land use change. Man land ratio, population growth, Spatio-temporal change in land use etc. have been identified through the analysis of secondary data as well as Geographical Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) technique

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Keywords

Land use change, Man-Land Ratio, Population Growth, Urbanization.

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