Personality, Stress and Coping in Indian Adolescents: A Correlation Model
*Corresponding Author: Khushali Adhiya-Shah, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Mithibai College of Arts, Vile Parle (W), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. firstname.lastname@example.org
Adolescents confront several stressors in their environment, and the distressing events trigger physical and mental illnesses. Differences in their coping responses are partly controlled by personality; partly influenced by social observation. This study examines a correlational model between personality, stress and coping strategies in 154 schoolgoing, upper-economic strata children in a private school of Ahmedabad. Bi-variate correlations and t-test analysis reveal significant correlations between personality traits and stress. Findings report that extrovert and conscientious personalities experience least stress; however the former prefers problem-focused coping while the latter prefers emotion-focused coping. Personalities high on neuroticism experience high stress, with no gender difference and report no significant preference for a specific coping strategy. While no gender difference is reported in the experience of stress, there is a gender difference between their choice of coping styles. Males have reported a mixed preference of problem and emotion focused coping while females indicate preference for emotion-focused coping largely. Implications for adolescent mental health practitioners and scope for further research is discussed.
Stress, adolescence, personality, coping, stress and coping, Indian adolescents.