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Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
Year : 2015, Volume : 6, Issue : 2
First page : ( 149) Last page : ( 152)
Print ISSN : 0975-6795. Online ISSN : 2321-5828.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5828.2015.00020.0

An Elaboration on the Violated Rights of the Iranian War Captives in Iraq

Asadzadeh Mehran*

Son of a victim of imposed war of Iraq against Iran, A Member of the Office for Elites of the Foundation of Martyrs and Veterans Affairs of West Azarbaijan, Master of International Law

*Corresponding Author: Mehran Asadzadeh Son of a victim of imposed war of Iraq against Iran, A Member of the Office for Elites of the Foundation of Martyrs and Veterans Affairs of West Azarbaijan, Master of International Law. Email: mehran.asadzadeh@gmail.com

Online published on 22 March, 2016.

Abstract

Thirty-first of August 1359 is a black history that will never be removed from the historical memory of the Iranians. Because in this day Baath government in Iraq, began a full-scale aggression against the country's land-air and sea, people, and government, but without any apparent reason, without notice and without even giving a chance to civilians to leave the war scene. Conflict occurs with a lot of effects and consequences, and one of the consequences of war is capturing forces of a party by the other one. Captured is said to a person who is imprisoned during participating in armed conflict. During the8-year Iran-Iraq war, many Iranian captives were sent to prisons in Iraq and the transfer code to the country after the war, began in year 1369 and lasted to 1381. Legal documents, such as the 1949 Geneva Convention, Articles of Association of the International Criminal Court, the pro-government party, the International Committee of the Red Cross…. and human rights protection are the most important mechanisms in support of captives in international law.

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Keywords

Rights of captives of war, the law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law, war, Iran and Iraq.

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