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Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
Year : 2020, Volume : 11, Issue : 1
First page : ( 48) Last page : ( 56)
Print ISSN : 0975-6795. Online ISSN : 2321-5828.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00008.X

Impact of Hybrid Rice Cultivation on Production in Tamil Nadu

Murugan K.*, Sivagnanam K. Jothi**

Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Guru Nanak College, Chennai, 600042, India

1Professor and Head, Department of Economics and Director i/c, Agro Economic Research Centre, University of Madras, Chennai, 600005, India

*Corresponding Author Email: murugan.kaliappani@gmail.com

**kjothisiva24@gmail.com

Online published on 27 April, 2020.

Abstract

This study explored new varieties of Hybrid rice and its impact on overall production and productivity in Tamil Nadu. The study has been collected from two districts namely Nagapattinam and Tiruvarur of Tamil Nadu. The districts are harvesting relatively higher concentration of hybrid rice cultivation within the group of National Food Security Mission districts in Tamil Nadu. In each of the districts of Nagapattinam and Tiruvarur, two representative blocks namely Kuttalam, Mayladuthurai, Needmangalam and Valangaiman are taken respectively and within each block two villages are selected. After introduction of hybrid rice technology since 1994, there has been slow development in that technology in Tamil Nadu, mainly because of the unawareness of the benefits of the hybrid rice and the farmers mainly used the HYVs because of cost-effectiveness. Even after two decades, the hybrid rice technology did not spread all over Tamil Nadu due to lukewarm policy of the government, unfamiliarity with the technology and high cost of cultivation and shortage of labour force. Therefore, the farmers did not shift their cropping pattern from HYVs into hybrid rice technology.

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Keywords

Hybrid rice cultivation-HYV rice growers, Productivity, Tamil Nadu.

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