Indicators of Health: A Study of Gujarat State
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Health care is important for healthy productive labour and public welfare so that the goals of population stability can be achieved by taking into account issues such as child survival, safe mothers and contraception. The state has seen a significant improvement in health indicators such as birth rate, mortality rate, fertility rate, maternal mortality rate, infant mortality rate over the years. Analysing the table and diagram given here, it is clear that during 1971 to 2017, the birth rate (per thousand) has decreased by 20.1, mortality rate by 10.2 and child mortality rate by 114. However, the total Fertility rate has decreased by 3.4 during the period 1971 to 2016. In terms of maternal mortality ratio, there has been a decrease of 298 during the period 1992 to 2016 (one lakh live births). In addition, this study shows that the expected life expectancy rate for males and females was 62.4, 64.4 years during the period 1998–02, which increased to 67.4, 71.8 years during the period 2012–16 respectively. That is, the expected life expectancy rates for males and females increased by 5 and 7.4 years from 1998 to 2016 respectively. All of this represents a positive improvement in the health indicators that need to be addressed.
Health, CBR, CDR, TFR, MMR, IMR, Gujarat etc.