Cropping Intensity and Agricultural Efficiency Patterns in North-Eastern Region of Chhattisgarh: A Geographical Study
*Corresponding Author Email: Umagole@rediffmail.com
Agriculture is the basic function for economy, settlement, and socio-cultural activities in North Eastern Region of Chhattisgarh. From the ancient to the modern period, the dignity of agriculture has remained unchanged. The agriculture of the state is depends on monsoon for which the farmers have to suffer damage of crops due to irregular and uncertain rainfall pattern. Crop productivity is basically related to irrigation, despite all efforts, the pure irrigated area from all sources of total agricultural land is 11.3%, which is the cause of high land, pat region and plateau. Through analysis, it is known that the distribution of tehsil wise crop intensity and agricultural efficiency in the state is uneven. That is why it is necessary to increase the crop intensity due to increasing population and increasing land pressure. Since agricultural efficiency is a profound relationship with agricultural productivity. So in addition to the physical background, the crop intensity and agricultural efficiency of the state can be increased through the addition of HYV seeds, fertilizers, mechanization, farming training, mixed crop system, land improvement etc. At present it is possible to increase the area irrigated by canal, tube well, well, pond, reservoirs and rivers, but the study area is prevalent from dense forests and primitive tribes. Primitive tribes still adopt traditional farming methods so that production is relatively low.
Land use, crop pattern, crop Intensity and crop efficiency.