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Research Journal of Engineering and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 8, Issue : 3
First page : ( 219) Last page : ( 224)
Print ISSN : 0976-2973. Online ISSN : 2321-581X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-581X.2017.00035.6

Performance of IP-Based Wireless Sensor Network with Cartesian Terrain

Dr. Narmada A*, Dr. Rao Parvataneni Sudhakara

Professor, ECE Department, Vignan's Institute of Management And Technology For Women, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

*Corresponding Author Email: naralap@gmail.com, hyd.vmtw.principal@gmail.com

Online published on 24 May, 2018.

Abstract

Wireless sensor network consists (WSN) of distributed sensor nodes in the remote locations and are used to measure the sensor data in remote locations. Each node of WSN consists of a wireless microcontroller interfaced with sensors. The user is confronted with independently working and diverse electronic devices like television, PDAs, laptops etc. Middleware is required in order to glue all these heterogeneous devices. This also integrates WSN with IP to cater the real world requirements and enables the electronic device of the IP-based WSN to access the other device of the same or different network. TCP/IP stack is not suitable to be ported into the memory of WSN node. It occupies more memory and causes more overhead to the WSN. There are two basic approaches towards the realization of IP based WSN viz., gateway based approach and virtual gateway approach.

A new stack christened is proposed with adaptation layer in between the application layer and network layer, Routing Information Protocol (RIP) ported in the network layer of ZigBee stack and Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA) protocol ported in the MAC layer of ZigBee stack while keeping other layers of ZigBee stack unchanged. Experimentation results of ZI stack when the WSN is implemented in Cartesian terrain is presented in this paper. The performance of such WSN is analysed with the help of results in different cases when various obstacles are present.

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Keywords

ADHOC, AODV, CSMA, DSR, RIP, TCP/IP, and WSN.

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