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Research Journal of Engineering and Technology
Year : 2016, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : ( 67) Last page : ( 74)
Print ISSN : 0976-2973. Online ISSN : 2321-581X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-581X.2016.00015.5

Advances in superconductivity and superconductors

Subudhi Abhijeet1, Gogate Chinmay1, Kshirsagar Vikrant1,*, Goswami Prerna2, Kerawalla M.A.K.2

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology, Nathalal Parekh Marg, Matunga, Mumbai-400019

2Department of General Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology, Nathalal Parekh Marg, Matunga, Mumbai-400019

*Corresponding Author Email: vikrantkshirsagar25@gmail.com

Online published on 18 October, 2016.

Abstract

Superconductivity is a transpiring technology for high performance electronics. It offers unique and beneficial attributes for signal processing, communication systems and industry. Yet, industry faces technical hurdles and market obstacles for making profit. The paper presents his vision of the future of superconductor electronics, and perspective of the past, and approach toward achieving success. Overcoming the technical and market barriers will determine the growth of superconductivity in the electronics industry, and coincidentally of applied research in this technology.

Lots of significant improvements in the properties of superconducting materials have occurred recently. Considering these improvements the latest generation of wires, cables, and tapes are done. Promising new materials such as MgB2 have been discovered and are being studied in order to find out their potential for new applications. In some cases, the understanding and development of materials with significantly improved properties are done.

In this paper we will review the key advances take place in materials used for superconductors. Initially processible conjugate polymers from organic semiconductors to organic metals and superconductors are described. Later coated conductor development (in which high performance YBCO coated superconductors), Fabrication of superconducting composites by newly developed liquid quenching technique, Development of Nb tube processed Nb3Al multifilamentary superconductor are given.

At the end short information about an approach to next generation high temp superconducting wire, latest achievements in the use of semiconductor for large scale application is given.

Recent progress was on second generation of biaxially aligned coated conductors victimization the less aeolotropic YBa2Cu3O7 structure has been speedy, suggesting that it too would possibly enter service within the close to future. The invention of electrical conduction in MgB2 below thirty-nine K in 2001 has brought yet one more candidate material to the large-scale applications combine.

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Keywords

Superconductivity, Superconductors, Signal processing, Communication systems.

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