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Research on Crops
Year : 2016, Volume : 17, Issue : 2
First page : ( 205) Last page : ( 209)
Print ISSN : 0972-3226. Online ISSN : 2348-7542.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2348-7542.2016.00036.X

Weed management in rice under SRI method of crop establishment

Poonam Annie*, Saha Sanjoy, Munda Sushmita

Crop Production Division, ICAR-National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack-753 006, (Odisha), India

*E-mail: annie_poonam@rediffmail.com

Online published on 12 July, 2016.

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during dry seasons of 2011 and 2012 at the ICAR-National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack to study the weed spectrum and efficacy of different weed management practices under system of rice intensification (SRI). Cyperus difformis (23.1%) was the predominant weed flora followed by Echinochloa colona (14.7%) at 45 days after transplanting (DAT) in weedy plots. Management of weeds by operating cono weeder at 15 and 30 DAT was found most effective practice (weed control efficiency 90.8% at 45 DAT) for controlling broad spectrum of weeds and realizing higher grain yield (5.79 t/ha). However, chemical weed control by applying azimsulfuron at 35 g a. i./ha applied 15 DAT was the most economic weed management option for getting higher net returns (Rs. 34, 400/ha) and benefit: cost ratio (2.82). Application of azimsulfuron also showed least energy input (8.6 x 103 MJ/ha) compared with all other weed management treatments.

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Keywords

Benefitcost ratio, energy use, grain yield, system of rice intensification, weed management.

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