Pesticide Research JournalYear : 1989, Volume : 1, Issue : 1
First page :
Last page :
ISSN : 0970-6763.
ISSN : 2249-524X.
Persistence And Degradation Of Carbofuran In Soil And In Microbial Cultures Without And With Added Salts
Panda Soudamini@, Sethunathan N.
Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, 753 006, India
@Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hessarghatta, Bangalore, India
Online published on 15 December, 2011.
The stability of U-phenyl-14 C-carbofuran in a flooded alluvial soil amended with a mixture of NaCl + CaCl2 + MgSO4 (3:2:1) to raise the salinity to 4, 8 and 16 dS/m was studied. The soil persistence of carbofuran was not affected by the presence of salts even at 16 dS/m. Soil enrichment cultures from both salt-amended and unamended soil retreated with carbofuran effected more rapid degradation of carbofuran in a mineral medium than did the respective soil suspension not exposed to carbofuran hefore. The dominant bacteria isolated included Bacillus sp. and Micrococcus sp. from the soil amended with 8 dS/m and two strains of Arthrobacter from the soil amended with 16 dS/m. Bacillus sp. was the most effective in degrading carbofuran. Interestingly, the Arthrobacter sp., isolated from the soil amended with salts at 16 dS/m effected more rapid degradation of carbofuran in the presence of NaCl + CaCl2 + MgSO4 than in their absence. Hydrolysis with concomitant accumulation of 7-phenol was the primary pathway in the bacterial degradation of carbofuran.