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Progressive Horticulture
Year : 2010, Volume : 42, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 14)
Print ISSN : 0970-3020. Online ISSN : 2249-5258.

Quality seed and planting material as a key to success for horticultural development in the country

Singh H.P., Deputy Director General (Horticulture)

Indian Council of Agricultural Research, KAB-II, Pusa, New Delhi

Online published on 15 September, 2011.

Abstract

The achievements in the development of horticulture is laudable, as the sector now contributes more than 30.5 per cent to GDP of agriculture and has maintained the growth rate of more than 5 per cent during the last two decades. Among the horticulture crops, fruit crops recorded a two fold increase in area and production in the last decade. India is the second largest producer of fruits (63.5 million ton) obtained from 5.78 million ha area; contributing 11 per cent share in global fruit production arising from 9% area under horticulture providing 30.4% value at constant prices. India occupies first place in the production of mango, banana, papaya, pomegranate, sapota and aonla. Production of vegetables has increased manifold to the tune of 125 million tonnes. Commercial floriculture have recorded faster pace of growth during the last decade. Medicinal and aromatic plants, which have immense potential got due recognition in the decade. We continue to be the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices and spice products in the world producing more than 50 spices. India is also a leading producer of plantation crops in the world and with contribution of 22.34% in coconut, 25% in cashewnut and 55% in arecanut. During the last decade is that horticulture has moved from rural confines to commercial production, and this changing scenario has motivated private sector investment in production system management. The economic importance of horticultural produce has been increasing over the years due to increasing domestic and international demand. Area, production, productivity, availability and export have improved manifolds. But, in every discussion, availability of quality seeds and planting material continues to be critical issue of constraints in the development of horticulture. Seed and planting material is the most important input for the success of development of horticulture. Although last decade has witnessed many innovations in production of quality seed and planting material, but the technological advancements are yet to be converted into realities for commercial production. The seed chains addressing the production of nucleus seed, foundation and certified seeds are weak, planning do not commensurate with needs, management of quality and health of plants needs upgradation, in order to ensure quality seeds and healthy planting material. Therefore, it is essential that dynamics of technologies and policies are analysed in perspective to address the challenges of the future.

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