Extent of adoption of practices under system of rice intensification in Odisha
System of rice intensification (SRI) has been popularized in all the rice growing areas across the World. Department of Agriculture, Govt. of Odisha has made intensive effort for popularization of SRI. But the area expansions were not significantly increased. A study was made with 115 SRI growers covering 81 villages and 42 books in 23 districts of Odisha. It was observed that the farmers have good perception about advantages of rice in comparism to their conventional practice and adopting SRI since last five years. There was deficiencies in adoption of suitable variety, optimum seed rate, selecting quality seeds with salt solution, preparing channels in 2 mts. distance in the main field, transplanting 8–12 days old seedling, putting seedlings in a thin metal sheet for transplanting, transplanting immediately after uprooting, applying recommended quantity of manures, not practicing green manuring/brown manuring, maintaining water at soil saturation, alternate drying and welting, light irrigation during hair line cracks, keeping 2–3 cms,. standing water after flowering, four weeding at 10 days interval and uprooting weeds manually near to the plant. Since, social participation, cosmopoliteness and holding size of the respondents positively and significantly influence adoption, it is therefore suggested that the farmers need to be further exposed through training, demonstration etc. so that they will convince and realize the importance and adopt all these practices under SRI and harvest the desired yield.
SRI, adoption, respondents, practices, Odisha.