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Open Journal of Psychiatry & Allied Sciences
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 2
First page : ( 113) Last page : ( 118)
Print ISSN : 2394-2053. Online ISSN : 2394-2061.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2394-2061.2018.00022.8

A cross-sectional comparative study of coping distress in medical and non-medical students

Kumar BK Shiva1,*, Babu K Jibin2, Krishnamurthy CN3

1Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, The Oxford Medical College and Research Centre (TOMCH & RC), Yadavanahalli, Anekal Taluk, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

2Resident, Department of Psychiatry, Peoples Education Society Institute of Medical Science and Research (PESIMSR), Kuppam, Andhra Pradesh, India

3Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Narayana Medical College (NMC), Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

*Correspondence: Dr. Shiva Kumar BK, Department of Psychiatry, The Oxford Medical College and Research Centre (TOMCH & RC), Yadavanahalli, Anekal Taluk, Bangalore-562107, Karnataka, India. drshivbk@gmail.com

Online published on 18 July, 2018.

Abstract

Background

Medical students undergo tremendous stress during their undergraduate course, maybe because of staying in the hostel, economic reasons, important course, the vast amount of information and skills that need to be acquired, expectations of family members, and competition.

Objective

To study stress, alcohol use, ways of coping stress, and perceived social support in medical students in comparison with non-medical (engineering) students.

Materials and methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in a medical and an engineering colleges at Kuppam, Andhra Pradesh, India from November 2012 to August 2013. One hundred and fifty medical and 150 engineering students were selected after randomised sampling and were administered Perceived Stress Scale, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale, and Ways of Coping Questionnaire to assess psychological distress.

Results

Medical students (72%) perceived more stress (moderate and high) compared to engineering students (56.7%), (p<0.05). The most frequently used coping strategy among medical students compared to engineering students was planful problem solving and accepting responsibility, while in engineering students it was seeking social support. Medical students compared to engineering students perceived higher social support from significant other, while it was family in engineering students. All students fell into the category of low risk of alcohol use.

Conclusion

The medical students perceived more stress than engineering students. Both should be sensitised about ways of coping distress; if unable to manage them, advised to seek help from professionals. So that they can cope distress well that which can have positive influence on studies, examination results, and lifestyle.

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Keywords

Stress. Social Support. Alcohol.

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