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Open Journal of Psychiatry & Allied Sciences
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 2
First page : ( 107) Last page : ( 112)
Print ISSN : 2394-2053. Online ISSN : 2394-2061.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2394-2061.2018.00020.4

Exploring the role of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue in predicting burnout among police officers

Papazoglou Konstantinos1,*, Koskelainen Mari2, Stuewe Natalie1

1University of Toronto, Mississauga Campus, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada

2Police University College of Finland, Tampere, Finland

*Correspondence: Dr. Konstantinos Papazoglou, Ph. D. in Psychology (Clinical-Forensic area), Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Mississauga Campus, DeerField Hall, Room #4044, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, L5L 1C6. kons.papazoglou@mail.utoronto.ca

Online published on 18 July, 2018.

Abstract

Objective

Prior research on police practices has highlighted the plethora of operational and organisational stressors that police officers face throughout their careers. Work-related demands, acute stress, and lack of organisational support and resources may lead officers to experience burnout, which is characterised by emotional exhaustion, lack of professional efficacy, depersonalisation, and cynicism. Prior research studies have consistently demonstrated burnout's significant impact on police officers’ mental and physical health, and they have also shown that traumatisation (specifically compassion fatigue) appears to be associated with burnout among police officers. The present study aims to examine the prevalence of burnout among police officers and to identify the association of burnout with compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and years of experience.

Setting

Data collection occurred in cooperation with the National Police of Finland, and all officers who may potentially experience work-related trauma were invited to participate.

Participants

Study participants were police officers from the National Police of Finland (n=1, 173).

Main outcome measures

Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue Test and demographics questions.

Results

Data analyses indicated that most study participants (78.03% or n=945) reported low levels of burnout. Moreover, burnout was found to be significantly positively correlated with compassion fatigue (r=0.76; p<0.01) and years of experience (r=0.10; p<0.01), but significantly negatively correlated with compassion satisfaction (r=-0.49; p<0.01). Furthermore, hierarchical linear regression indicated that years of experience, compassion satisfaction, and compassion fatigue were significant predictors of burnout.

Conclusions

Authors discuss various interpretations, implications, and limitations of the current study's findings, as well as providing recommendations for future research.

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Keywords

Stress. Trauma. Experience.

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