(18.232.146.10)
Users online: 1512    [ij] [ij] [ij] 
Email id
 

Open Journal of Psychiatry & Allied Sciences
Year : 2021, Volume : 12, Issue : 1
First page : ( 7) Last page : ( 12)
Print ISSN : 2394-2053. Online ISSN : 2394-2061.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2394-2061.2021.00001.X

Profile of distress callers and service utilisation of tele-counselling among the population of Assam, India: an exploratory study during COVID-19

Hazarika Mythili1, Das Bornali2, Das Shyamanta3, Baruah Atanu4, Sharma Nivedita5, Barua Chandamita6, Das Jayashree7, Choudhury Sandamita8, Hazarika Dyuksha9, Sarma Phulen10, Bhandari Samrat Singh11*

1Department of Psychiatry, Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India

2Department of Psychiatry, Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India

3Department of Psychiatry, Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India

4Department of Emergency Medicine, Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India

5Udayachal-Jadav Chandra Bhuyan Memorial Trust, Guwahati, Assam, India

6Navaprerona Psycho-Spiritual Counselling Services, Guwahati, Assam, India

7Psychiatric Clinic, Guwahati, Assam, India

8151 Base Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India

9Delhi University, New Delhi, India

10Clinical Pharmacology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India

11Department of Psychiatry, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India

*Correspondence: Samrat Singh Bhandari, MD, Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Sikkim Manipal University, 5th Mile, NH 31A, Tadong, Gangtok-737102, Sikkim, India, samrat.bhandari@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 26 October, 2020.

Abstract

Background

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected people globally by causing psychological, social, and economic chaos. The Assam Police, India started telephone helplines to address the psychological issues. Aims: To evaluate the sociodemographic profile of the distress callers, their psychosocial concerns, the interventions provided by the service provider, and whether the service users were satisfied with the intervention(s) or not.

Method

It was a cross-sectional study done during the period of lockdown (7-24 April 2020). All the callers who called the helpline were screened for anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts (when required), and the psychosocial issues which they were facing were explored. They were provided the psychological intervention(s) at the appropriate time, and they were asked to rate their experience at the end.

Results

A total of 239 callers used the tele-counselling services. The majority of callers were male (79.1%). Most of the callers were between 19-35 years of age group (66.5%), married (52.5%), and graduates (31%). Two-thirds of the callers called to seek guidance for their own issues and one-third for their relatives or friends. Callers had anxiety (46%), depressive disorder (8.3%), and depressive symptoms not qualifying for depressive disorder (14%), and suicidal thoughts (5.44%). The commonest intervention provided to the callers was supportive (77.8%), followed by psychoeducation (30.5%), cognitive behaviour therapy (24.7%), relaxation (23.6%) and behaviour therapy (13.4%). Most of the callers utilised more than one type of therapy. Overall, most of the callers were satisfied and appreciated the tele-counselling services.

Conclusion

The findings could help in formulating psychological interventions to improve the mental health of vulnerable groups in the post-COVID-19 period to reduce psychiatric morbidity and mortality.

Top

Keywords

Anxiety, Depression, Suicide.

Top

 
║ Site map ║ Privacy Policy ║ Copyright ║ Terms & Conditions ║ Page Rank Tool
458,858,003 visitor(s) since 30th May, 2005.
All rights reserved. Site designed and maintained by DIVA ENTERPRISES PVT. LTD..
Note: Please use Internet Explorer (6.0 or above). Some functionalities may not work in other browsers.