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Open Journal of Psychiatry & Allied Sciences
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 2
First page : ( 163) Last page : ( 168)
Print ISSN : 2394-2053. Online ISSN : 2394-2061.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2394-2061.2019.00039.9

Reliability and validity of the Screening Tool for Assessment of Psychosocial Problems

Sahu Kamlesh Kumar*, Chavan Bir Singh, Bala Chandra, Tyagi Shikha

Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College & Hospital, Chandigarh, India

*Correspondence: Dr. Kamlesh Kumar Sahu, Level-5 Block-D, Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College & Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh-160030, India. withkamlesh@gmail.com

Online published on 28 June, 2019.

Abstract

Background

While working in a multidisciplinary team, many a time there is lack of clarity or connivance who will work on what issue and how to decide about a referral to another team member, particularly to the psychiatric social worker. So, a need was felt to develop a screening tool for the same purpose.

Aim

To develop a screening tool for the assessment of psychosocial problems, and to test its reliability and validity.

Methods

A 12-item scale was developed following the scientific tool development steps. Content validity of the tool was established by accepting more than 70% validity index for each item. To test the reliability, it was applied to 100 family members of persons with mental illness.

Results

Statistical analyses showed good internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha (r=0.76) and Spearman-Brown prophecy formula (r=0.73). Scores of all the 12 individual items significantly correlated with the total score of the tool indicating acceptable sensitivity. A significant correlation was found among the scores of items indicating good construct validity of the tool.

Conclusion

The Screening Tool for Assessment of Psychosocial Problems (STAPP) is a brief and simple to use instrument, which has acceptable psychometric properties (valid and reliable). It is suitable for screening of the psychosocial problems of family members of person with a mental illness. It can be used for screening in routine clinical practice.

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Keywords

Referral, Psychiatric Social Work, Assessment.

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