Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in people living with HIV/AIDS and their caregivers: a comparative study
*Correspondence: Sushma Rathee, Research Scholar, Department of Psychology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak-124001, Haryana, India. firstname.lastname@example.org
Worldwide estimate indicates that more than 40.3 million people are living with HIV/AIDS and out of these, eight million are young people in the age group of 14–24 years. India is reported to be the second largest population of HIV-infected persons.
A cross-sectional study was planned to assess the level of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in people living with HIV/AIDS and their caregivers.
Materials and methods
A group of 300 participants was assessed on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire.
The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Overall, the results showed that people with HIV negative, HIV positive, and AIDS (F=616.96, df=2, 147, p<0.01) as well as their caregivers (F=1365.10, df=2, 147, p<0.01) significantly differed on depressive symptoms. Similarly, there were significant variations in suicidal ideation in caregivers of people with HIV negative, positive, and AIDS.
Findings of the study highlight the need to develop targeted prevention initiatives including education, and counselling to prevent suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms in these individuals and their caregivers.
Prevention, Education, Counselling.