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Open Journal of Psychiatry & Allied Sciences
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 2
First page : ( 132) Last page : ( 138)
Print ISSN : 2394-2053. Online ISSN : 2394-2061.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2394-2061.2019.00029.6

Study of smartphone addiction: prevalence, pattern of use, and personality dimensions among medical students from rural region of central India

Jain Prekshaa1, Gedam Sachin Ratan2,*, Patil Pradeep S3

1Medical Undergraduate, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, DMIMS (DU), Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

2Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

3Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

*Correspondence: Dr. Sachin Ratan Gedam, MD, Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha-442102, Maharashtra, India. sachinrgedam@gmail.com

Online published on 28 June, 2019.

Abstract

Introduction

Smartphone use among adolescents has increased dramatically in the last decade which results in a new condition called as smartphone addiction.

Objectives

To estimate the prevalence of smartphone addiction, to understand its pattern of use, and to determine association of smartphone addiction with pattern of use and personality dimensions among medical students.

Methodology

A total 146 out of 150 medical students participated from Sawangi, district Wardha, Maharashtra, India. Data collection was done using sociodemographic proforma, smartphone addiction scale, and dimensional personality inventory.

Results

Mean age of the students was 18.50 (±0.80) years. The prevalence of smartphone addiction was found to be 24.65% with high risk of addiction being 7.53% and 17.12% among males and females respectively. The smartphone addiction was associated with smartphone use duration on a typical day, frequency of use, and most personally relevant smartphone function (p<0.05). The personality dimensions, such as assertive-submissive, depressive-nondepressive, and emotional instability-emotional stability also had significant association with smartphone addiction (p<0.05); and these dimensions were also found to be predictors along with duration of use on multivariate analysis.

Conclusion

This study identified the association between smartphone use pattern, personality dimensions, and smartphone addiction among medical undergraduates. It is advised further studies should be conducted to understand the different variables and appropriate measures should be taken to prevent harmful use and to create awareness among students.

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Keywords

Assertive, Depressive, Emotional.

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