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Medico-Legal Update
Year : 2016, Volume : 16, Issue : 1
First page : ( 178) Last page : ( 180)
Print ISSN : 0971-720X. Online ISSN : 0974-1283.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-1283.2016.00039.6

Pattern of Acute Poisoning in Karad

Kokatanur Chandrakant M*

Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad, Maharashtra

*Corresponding author: Chandrakant M Kokatanur Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Karad, Maharashtra. Email: chanduk2005@yahoo.com

Online published on 8 January, 2016.

Abstract

Introduction

Poison is defined as any substance which when administered in living body through any route (inhalation, ingestion, surface or absorption) will produce ill-health or death by its action which is due to its physical chemical or physiological properties. Poisoning is prevalent in all parts of the India but pattern of poisoning varies from place to place. In India agrochemicals dominate the death due to poisoning. Karad being the part of western Maharashtra, where agriculture is main occupation, people attempt to commit suicide by poisoning mainly by agrochemicals.

Material and methods

A cross sectional study of a total of 356 cases of acute poisoning admitted in Krishna hospital, Karad was conducted over a period of 12 months from November 2012 to October 2013.

Results

The most common age group of acute poisoning was 20-29years (36.23%) followed by 10–19 years (16.85%). The incidence of acute poisoning was more in males (58.42%) as compared to females (41.58%). Suicide (43.8%) was most common manner of acute poisoning followed by accidental poisoning (39.8%). The hospital stay ranged from 1 to 21days.

Conclusion

Young adults males of age group 20–29 years were common victims of poisoning with majority showing improvement.

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Keywords

Poisoning, Morbidity, Suicide.

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