(3.233.224.8)
Users online: 1267    [ij] [ij] [ij] 
Email id
 

Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
Year : 2009, Volume : 23, Issue : 2
First page : ( 127) Last page : ( 130)
Print ISSN : 0971-6157. Online ISSN : 0974-0813.

Detection of Trypansoma evansi in Indian dromedary camels by polymerase chain reaction to ribosomal DNA target

Shahardar R.A.*, Rao J.R.**, Mishra A.K.

Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, India.

*Present address: Associate Professor-cum-Senior Scientist, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, SKUAST-K, Shuhama, Srinagar-190 006, India.

**Corresponding author: Head, Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, India.

Abstract

This investigation deals with use of PCR for detection of Trypansoma evansi in Indian dromedary camels using ribosomal DNA amplimers (20-mer sense and 16-mer antisense primer) based on structural 18S and 5.8S ribosomal DNA sequences specific for kinetoplastida taxon. The PCR was first standardized using 5 to 10 ng of T. evansi template DNA and then the assay was extended to blood sample of mouse experimentally infected with T. evansi. After laboratory standardization, the assay was further employed for direct detection of T. evansi DNA in blood samples collected from camels aged 2 to 10 years from surra endemic areas of Rajasthan in India. A total of 10 blood samples were tested and six of them were found positive (60%) reaffirming the suitability of PCR as a sensitive diagnostic tool. Among the pathogens belonging to the kinetoplastida, dromedaries are only susceptible to trypanosome infections and in India they are infected by single species i.e. T. evansi. It is therefore, reasonable to argue that the PCR amplified DNA product from the camel blood using the above rDNA amplimers specifically represent T. evansi.

Top

Key words

Indian camels, PCR, Trypansoma evansi.

Top

  
║ Site map ║ Privacy Policy ║ Copyright ║ Terms & Conditions ║ Page Rank Tool
393,836,801 visitor(s) since 30th May, 2005.
All rights reserved. Site designed and maintained by DIVA ENTERPRISES PVT. LTD..
Note: Please use Internet Explorer (6.0 or above). Some functionalities may not work in other browsers.