Epidemiological Study of Intrauterine Growth Retardation in Rural Area of CHC Doda, Punjab, India
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Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), expressed as low birth weight (LBW), remains a significant public health problemin many developing countries, especially in Asian and African regions. Poor nutrition, both before and during pregnancy, is recognised as an important cause. Babies born weighing <2,500 g are considered IUGR/pre-term babies (PTB) expressed as LBW and <1,500 g are very-low birth weight. These babies are at increased risk for serious health problems, lasting disabilities and even deaths.
This study was undertaken to find out the prevalence of LBW babies (proxy for IUGR/PTB) in catchment area of CHC Doda. Both IUGR and PTB were our target population.
Materials and Methods
This was a cross-sectional study including 118 newborn babies delivered in rural area. The study was conducted in the first fortnight of November 2011.
Out of the total 118 babies born, 14 were with weight <2.5 kg (11.9%), 20 were 2.5–3 kg (16.9%), 65 were 3–3.5 kg (55.1%), 16 were 3.5–4 kg (13.6%) and 3 were more than 4 kg (2.5%). Out of them, 104 were full-term (88.1%), 12 pre-term (10.2%) and 2 were post-term (1.7%) babies. Ratio of females to males was 44.92:55.08.
IUGR/PTB leading to LBW in the study group were 11.9% (14); and majority among them were IUGR (12).
Epidemiology, Pre-term babies, Intrauterine growth retardation, Low birth weight, Cross-sectional study.