Comparison of Quantitative and Qualitative Cytokine Response to the Seasonal and 2009H1N1 Influenza A Infections
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Cytokines play a role in controlling influenza virus infections. These cytokines are involved in the symptoms of swine influenza.
This study aimed to look for the differences in immune response between patients infected with seasonal influenza A and 2009 H1N1 influenza A.
Setting and Design
An observational study.
Materials and methods
Patients with influenza virus infection attending the Al-Yarmouk teaching hospital during Fall 2009 for diagnosis of 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus infection were admitted in the study. The diagnosis of H1N1 infection was confirmed by positive real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRTPCR) testing of sputum, oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swabs specimens. A total number of 9 patients (2009 H1N1 group), 13 patients (seasonal influenza A group), and 10 healthy subjects (control group) were admitted in this study. Serum values of interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleulin-1β (IL-1β) and interferon-γ (INF-γ) were determined.
The significance of the differences between groups was assessed using unpaired two tailed Student's t test and 95% confidence interval.
The serum level of IL-2 in patients infected with seasonal influenza A was higher than corresponding healthy subjects and 2009 H1N1 influenza A. No specific changes in serum (IL-1β) in patients with influenza A infection were observed. The mean serum INF-γ was significantly higher in patients infected with 2009 H1N1 influenza A, but not in seasonal influenza A, than corresponding healthy subjects.
The human cytokines response against 2009H1N1 influenza A differed from that seasonal influenza A. Serum IL-2 level was significantly increased in seasonal influenza A compared with healthy subjects or 2009 H1N1 influenza A.
2009 H1N1 influenza, Cytokines, IL-2, IL-1β, INF- γ.