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Journal of Progressive Agriculture
Year : 2015, Volume : 6, Issue : 1
First page : ( 44) Last page : ( 49)
Print ISSN : 2229-4244. Online ISSN : 2278-0556.

An analysis of production performance and yield variability of guar (Cluster bean) in India

Swamy P S Dhananjaya, Naveena K P

Ph.D. Scholar, Deptment of Agricultural Economics, UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru, Karnataka-560065, India

Online published on 3 June, 2015.

Abstract

In India, guar is cultivating as traditional commercial cash crop of dry regions and which is accounted for about 75 percent of global trade and 80 percent to total guar production in the world. Hence, an attempt has been made to analyze the production performance and yield variability across important guar growing states of India to find out the trends in area, production and productivity of guar. The results revealed that, the area under guar cultivation in India has tremendously increased with a tune of 60.00 percent during the period 2000 to 2014 and has shown a wide variation in production ranging from 0.69 million tonnes to 2.71 million tonnes during the study period. Among the states, Rajasthan stands first in area and production of guar and it alone contributes about 74.00 percent and 60 percent share respectively to the total Indian guar cultivation. Productivity of guar at national level has increased by 1.58 times from 2000–01 to 2013–14. As far as average productivity of guar across different state is concerned, Haryana stands first with productivity of 1067 kg/ha which is 1.6 times higher than that of national average. The area and productivity of guar cultivation at all India level has significantly grown with CAGR of 5.86 percent and 5.67 percent, respectively. Across different states, Rajasthan has significant growth in guar area (6.43%) and Haryana has higher growth rate in guar productivity (8.06%) which is significant at 1 per cent. In India, the instability was found to be higher with respect to production (1.94%) as against to the area (0.60%) and productivity (0.78%) of guar crop. Besides this, instability was higher in Rajasthan because guar cultivation is heavily depends on the monsoon in that state.

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Keywords

Cluster Bean, Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR), Guar and Instability Index.

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