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Journal of Orofacial & Health Sciences
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 13) Last page : ( 21)
Print ISSN : 0976-5360. Online ISSN : 2229-3264.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2229-3264.2019.00003.0

Role of Biofilm and its Effects in Orthodontic Treatment

Premchind T.K.1,*, Agarwal Ankur2, Kumar Reena R.3

1Postgraduate Student, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Divya Jyoti Dental College. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

2Senior Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Divya Jyoti Dental College. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

3Head of the Department Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Divya Jyoti Dental College. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

*Address for correspondence: T.K. Premchind, Email Id: drpremchind@gmail.com

Online published on 25 July, 2019.

Abstract

The presence of biofilms can be attributed as the causative factor of many oral pathological conditions, including caries, periodontal disease, and candidiasis. It has been estimated that some 60% of human infections, including dental caries and periodontal disease, are due to microbial biofilms. Thus, in order to control the various disease processes that occur in the human oral cavity, an understanding of biofilms, their formation, and control of their development, is vital. Supragingival plaque control in orthodontic patients become more difficult with fixed nature of orthodontic appliances. The brackets, arch wires, and other orthodontic gadgets are main focalpoints for accumulation of plaque and also act as obstacle to plaque control and enhancing gingivitis. Hence, the prevalence of gingival inflammation in orthodontic patients is increased, along with significant increase in incidences of dental caries and their mild variant known as white spot lesions. Biofilm accumulation can also lead to premature debonding and eventually enamel decalcification and periodontal diseases. This review was conducted to understand the importance of biofilm and its implication in clinical orthodontic outcomes.

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Keywords

Biofilm, Orthodontic, Supragingival.

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