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Journal of Orofacial & Health Sciences
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 6)
Print ISSN : 0976-5360. Online ISSN : 2229-3264.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2229-3264.2019.00001.7

Tissue Engineering in Orthodontics-Clarion Call or Siren Song

Haldonkar Alisha*

Consulting Orthodontist, Consultant Margao, Goa, India

*Address for correspondence: Alisha Haldonkar Email Id: alishahaldonkar@gmail.com

Online published on 25 July, 2019.

Abstract

Tissue engineering is a novel and exciting field that aims to re-create functional, healthy tissues and organs in order to replace diseased, dying, or dead tissues. The field has developed due to the inadequate supply of organs and tissues for patients requiring organ and tissue replacement. The fields of tissue engineering and orthodontics share a common general objective of applying scientific principles in conjunction with advanced technologies to achieve or restore tissue function and esthetics. For craniofacial anomalies, Stem cells have been applied to regenerate hard tissue (such as treatment of alveolar cleft) and soft tissue (such as treatment of hemifacial macrosomia). However, the predictable reconstruction of the innate organisation and function of whole teeth as well as their periodontal structures remains challenging.

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Keywords

Tissue engineering, Stem cells, Scaffolds, Growth factors, Guided tissue regeneration, Orthodontics, Craniofacial tissue engineering.

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