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Journal of Management Research
Year : 2011, Volume : 11, Issue : 2
First page : ( 99) Last page : ( 111)
Print ISSN : 0972-5814. Online ISSN : 0974-455X.

The Multi-Dimensional Nature of Power Bases in a Non-Western Context

The Case of Malaysia

Lo May-Chiun1Faculty of Economics and Business, Ramayah T.2

1(Corresponding author) Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Sarawak

2Operations Management Section, School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11900, Penang


Past researches have observed a shift in the dimensions of power bases behavior. Power bases possessed by the managers have often been known as the essence of leaders’ behavior which is the major driving force behind this continuous recognition of power in the management literatures. The purpose of the research reported here is to test empirically and to validate a conceptualization of bases of power that consists of five dimensions developed by French and Raven (1959). Data was gathered through a survey using a structured questionnaire to employees working in 61 large manufacturing companies in Malaysia with a total of 276 respondents. A series of tests such as factor analysis, correlation, and reliability analysis was conducted to confirm that the instrument is valid (content, construct, convergent, discriminant and nomological) as well as reliable. Implications regarding the value of conducting validity and reliability test for practitioners and researchers are discussed.



Power bases, goodness of measure, validity, reliability, multicultural society, manufacturing.


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