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Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine
Year : 2018, Volume : 40, Issue : 2
First page : ( 165) Last page : ( 171)
Print ISSN : 0971-0973. Online ISSN : 0974-0848.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-0848.2018.00030.1

Violence Against Women at Bhayangkara Hospital Pekanbaru, Indonesia: A 5 Years Retrospective Study

Afandi Dedi1,*, Indrayana Mohammad Tegar2, Putri Vini Aulia3, Octaviana Rizka3

1Associate Professor, Dean of Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Riau

2Lecturer, Chief of Department Forensic Medicine and Medicolegal Studies Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Riau

3Junior Staff Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Riau

*Corresponding Author: Email ID: dediafandi4n6@gmail.com.

Online published on 4 December, 2018.


The study of violence against women was carried out at the Emergency Departments of Bhayangkara Hospital Pekanbaru over a period of 5 years with the aim to study type of violence, and pattern of injury. A total of 2421 cases fulfilled the criteria. The most affected victim's age group was 25–34 Yrs (40.7%); two-third of victims were housewives, the average incidence per year of 484.2. Physical assault was dominant (95.2%) and most occurred at outdoor domestic (70.8%). Bruise and abrasions were the more frequently found injuries, with head as the most common site. The age distribution, profession, scene of violence, presence of wound, number of wound, site of wound, number of body region and blunt injury had no significance. No abnormal finding was found in 79.5% victims on the genital and in 96.6% victims on the perianal area. There was a recognizable pattern regarding the multiplicity of the injuries, the types of injury and the preferred sites of injury.



Violence Against Women, Physical Assault, Sexual Assault, Pattern of Injury.


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